A Brief profile

Christians, Muslims and Jews are closer in faith than you might think

  1. The three Abrahamic (Ibrahimic) faiths developed in sequence:

    The Jewish religion came first and developed from the declaration of faith of the Patriarch Abraham, the Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him PBUH). Jews have as their Scriptures: the Tanakh (sometimes called the Hebrew Bible) in which the 5 books of Moses (the Torah) have pre-eminence, and the Talmud, which is a collection of commentaries on the Tanakh.


  2. The Christian religion came next and developed from the witness of Jesus Christ the Prophet Isa (PBUH). Christian Scriptures include the Old Testament (the Christian edition of the Hebrew Bible) and the New Testament, which  includes the Gospels (accounts by different writers of the life and ministry of Jesus).


    Islam came next and developed from the revelations received by the Prophet and Messenger Muhammed (PBUH) which are recorded in the Qur’an and is supplemented by the Hadith, a collections of sayings and deeds of the Prophet. Muslims also share the Scriptures of Jews and Christians especially the Torah and the Gospels.



  3.  Jews believe that God will send a Messiah to redeem his people. Christians believe that Jesus Christ is this Messiah (‘Christ’ is the Greek word for Messiah). Muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) was the last Messenger from God.

  4. All believe that God (Allah) is the only Judge of what is in a man or woman’s heart. Only God can judge (Romans 12:19; Al-Fatihah, 1:1-7 ). Anyone who acts as if they have authority to judge others is pretending to have an authority that belongs to God (Allah) alone. Anyone who does this will be guilty in the sight of God.

  5. If God (Allah) is the only judge then human beings must treat each other as innocent before God (Allah) until the Last Judgement. Judaism, Christianity and Islam teach that taking the life of an innocent person is a great sin: You shall not kill: Ex 20.13; You shall not kill; and whoever kills shall be liable to judgement Mt 5:21; Whoever takes the life of an innocent man, it is as if he has killed all mankind: Qur’an 5.32.  
  6. Christians and Muslims believe that there will be a Last Judgement when the thoughts, words and actions of human beings will be judged by God (Allah). Christians believe that Jesus Christ the Prophet Isa will intercede for them, Muslims believe that Jesus the Prophet Isa (PBUH) will be present and will vindicate their beliefs. Jews believe that they are the Chosen People of God with a calling to be a 'light to the nations' on which God will judge them.
  7. Christians believe Jesus Christ is God’s Word, and that God acts towards them through His Spirit (the Holy Spirit) who guides and empowers them. Muslims believe that they have the final revelation of God though the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) enshrined in the Qur’an, and that they will be judged on their faithfulness to this revelation.
  8. Jesus the Prophet Isa (PBUH) gave his followers advice on how to judge the words of people who claim to speak on God’s behalf.

    “You will know them by their fruits” (Mt 7:15) which means that you should not believe the words of people who claim to speak on God’s behalf unless their actions are good and they do no evil.


  9. Jews, Christians and Muslims believe that God (Allah) does not wish people to fear the Judgement.

    The Lord is merciful and gracious, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love Ps 103:8; ); Beloved, let us love one another; for love is of God and he who loves is born of God and knows God - -God is love, and he who abides in love abides in God, and God  abides in him 1John 4:7ff);

    Say, (O Muhammad, to mankind): If ye love God, follow me; God will love you and forgive you your sins. God is Forgiving, Merciful. (Aal ‘Imran, 3:31)


  10. The Prophet Muhammed (PHUB) said that Muslims should treat Christians and Jews with respect and kindness:

    These are of the righteous. / And whatever good they do, nothing will be rejected of them. God is Aware of those who ward off (evil). (Aal-’Imran, 3:113-115)


  11.  All three religions teach that human beings should live together in peace.

Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace and pursue it: Ps 34:14 Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God: Mt 5:9

But requiting evil may, too, become an evil:  hence, whoever par­dons and makes peace, his reward rests with God - for, verily, He does not love evildoers. Q: 42:40